Another Way (Stichting Bakens Verzet), 1018 AM
Edition 01: 31 October, 2009
Value : 06 points out of 18.
Work foreseen: 186 hours out of 504.
The points are awarded only after passing the consolidated exam for Section B : Solutions to the problems.
Value : 01 point our of 18.
Work foreseen: 36 hours out of 504.
The point is awarded only after passing the consolidated exam for Section B : Solutions to the problems.
01. First level : hunter-gatherers. (At least 2 hours).
General reference : Diamond, Jared, Guns, guns and steel, (London, Vintage, 1998). ISBN 0 09 930278 0
The development of human social groups, above all over the past 11.000 years has been used as platform for the choice of administrative levels for integrated development projects executed under the Model. About 11.000 years ago, small groups of hunter-gatherers (most often defined as extended families or clans started to cultivate food and form village groups. Diamond, Jared, Guns, guns and steel, (London, Vintage, 1998). Diamond calls the village groups «tribes » comprising several extended families, with «a few hundred » people. All of the members of the groups new all the others personally (Guns Germs and Steel, Vintage, London, 1998 p.271). Prof. Robin Dunbar of the University of Liverpool suggests that the dimensions of he human brain may be related to the social customs necessary to create close bonds within small groups 150+ members. (Grooming, gossip, and the evolution of language, Faber and Faber, London, 1996).
Even today, the populations of many rural villages, especially in
Until about 11 000 years ago, there were just nomadic bands with a
few tens of people. They often followed the migration of animals and gathered
plants, fruit, and edible roots that they found along their path. When they
A few civilisations, for example the Australian aborigines and small
groups on the
On one page make a description of groups
(bands) of hunter-gatherers in your chosen area, where applicable, in your
country. If there aren’t any, describe the closes to your project area. Please note
the size of the groups, their movements, including their migratory movements,
their social structures, their
structures for the resolution of conflicts, and the position of women in the
From the point of view of modern development projects, the most important aspects of groups of bands, clans, or tribes forming a few hundred people are social in nature. Every member of the groups knows all the others. Often there are strong family ties as well. The groups are free from bureaucratic structure and do not recognise private property. Personal conflicts are settled informally. The groups are egalitarian. Social control reigns. The groups are free from slavery.
On one page, make a list of villages with a few hundred people («clans » or «tribes » ) in your project area, indicating their position, their populations, the names of the tribes, their languages.
On a second page, describe their social structures, how they solve conflicts, and the role of women
The administrative level for the management of structures set up under integrated development projects under the Model is based on groups of 40-50 families comprising together 200-350 people. They are called «tank commissions» because the members of each group obtain clean drinking water from a water tank placed near to the people’s homes. The tank commissions allow for collective responsibility for the management of project structures, social control, and the full participation of women.
The tank commissions are the most important project structures They are the seed of modern development.
The people themselves decide the number of members of their tank commission. The only rule is that they have to have an uneven number. A reasonable indication is 5-7 members, with a majority of women. A strong representation of women is guaranteed through the earlier formation of health clubs for hygiene education which put women in a position to name their own candidates and vote for them en bloc.
You are one of the persons responsible for the execution of the integrated development project in your chosen area. The men, especially the local chief, thinks they might lose some of their traditional privileges through the formation of the tank commissions. On one page, convince them of the benefits the new structures will bring them.
You are a woman and candidate for election as a member of the local tank commission. On one page, write your final election plea before the elections.
◄ Third block, section 1: Section 1 : Anthropological analysis.
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