1771 ED Wieringerwerf,
E-mail: (nameatendofline)@xs4all.nl : bakensverzet
Incorporating innovative social, financial, economic, local administrative and productive structures, numerous renewable energy applications, with an important role for women in poverty alleviation in rural and poor urban environments.
"Money is not the key that opens the gates of the market but the bolt that bars them"
Gesell, Silvio The Natural Economic Order
Revised English edition, Peter Owen, London 1958, page 228
To enable a first draft of a project application to be prepared, the local party (usually the future project coordinator) has to supply general information about the proposed project area, and the economy and way of life of the people in it. Little or no research should be needed as the information should be "in the head" of the person supplying the information. Detailed statistics are not necessary, but the information should give a reasonable picture of the real situation in the project area.
This first version of the project application will be refined during discussions with the users and the local authorities before submitted for finance.
Project applications under the Model are worked out with the users, who execute, run, maintain, pay for and own all the structures. However, there are five basic conditions which must be accepted by the users. Without them, it is not possible to set up self-financing projects of the type foreseen.
2.1 Acceptation of Health Clubs. These do not only serve the purposes of offering basic hygiene education courses. They also serve as a platform for women, so that they can organise themselves and participate and play an important role in the various structures foreseen. The health clubs therefore constitute a means of addressing the so-called "gender problem".
2.2 Willingness to pay at least Euro 3 per month per family of 5 into a Cooperative Development Fund. This payment covers the entire package of basic services foreseen (hygiene education, drinking water supply, sanitation, waste removal, high efficiency stoves and fuel for them, and lighting for study purposes.
2.3 Acceptance of the use of local exchange trading (LETS) systems, which enable goods and services originating in the project area to be exchanged without the need for formal money.
2.4 Acceptance of the BEOSITE process which enables most of the items required for local development to be made locally with 100% local value added within the framework of the local LETS systems in local low cost labour intensive production units.
2.5 Acceptance of dry composting toilet systems to Western levels with the separation of urine and excreta. Aspects relating to the form, the colour, the finish, privacy and similar will all be discussed with and decided by the users. The dry toilet systems foreseen enable waste to be recycled at household level so that problems connected with the pollution of surface and ground water can be addressed at local level without the need for major investments.
3.1 Maps. One or more maps of the project area.
These can be simple hand-drawn sketches. They must show:
Towns, villages and settlements (with their populations)
Approximate number of households and average number of members per household
Natural features such as rivers
Boreholes and wells
Depth at which water is likely to be found
Roads (with note on quality and accessibility throughout the year)
Schools and clinics and their populations
Notes on local political structures
Other information considered of special interest
3.2 Basic economic information
General information on local production
General notes on literacy
Annual individual income
How that income is spent
How the income is earned (production of goods and services)
Who earns what (man and woman)
Notes on the general quality of life
Description of the electricity supply network if there is one
Sources of food and staple food
Local production of food and amount of local consumption
Importation of food
Means of storing locally produced food for local consumption
How the food is produced
Size and nature of landholdings
Situation of landholdings in relation to houses
Who does the work (man and woman)
Organisation and distribution of surpluses
Local processing for local use
Requirements for local processing for local use
Current sources of drinking water
Amount of drinking water consumed
Use of the water
Who collects it and how
Means of storage
Which kind of water containers are used for collected rainwater
How are they kept clean
Agricultural growth and the rainy seasons
Hot water available?
Amount of hot water used
Fuels for hot water
Cost of fuels for hot water
What is cooked
Who cooks it
How long it takes
How it is cooked
What kind of fuel is used
How much of the fuel is used
How much does the fuel cost
Description of pots and pans most commonly used (hand-sketch useful)
3.6 Lighting and study:
What kind of lighting do people have
What fuel is used
How much of the fuel is used
Where does the fuel come from
How much does it cost
What is lighting used for
Do students need lighting for study?
What facilities do they have available?
Do the schools have evening classes?
What interest is there for evening classes?
What kinds of transport are available
What the transport is used for
Where people go
How far they go
How much it costs
Wet/dry season limitations
Animal driven transport
Which means of communication are available
How many there are
Who uses them
For which purpose
How much they cost
3.9 Hygiene education:
What hygiene education principles are applied
Courses available for women
Courses available in the schools
Any special local taboos
Basic hygiene aspects in running the households
What toilet structures are used
How people dispose of their urine and excreta
How much it costs
How people clean their bottoms
Cultural taboos concerning urine and excreta
Notes on customs relating to privacy
Customs relating to washing
Customs relating to nudity
3.11 Rubbish collection:
What rubbish do people have
How much of it there is
How it is separated
What happens to each component
How it is transported
How it costs
Problems specific to the project area
Materials locally available
General notes on quality
Seasonal heating required
The whereabouts of the deposits of cheap gypsum (CaSO4 + H2O) and/or Anhydrite (CaSO4+1/2H2O) should be localised. The project area should be designed in such a way that the deposits fall inside it.