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T.E.(Terry) Manning,

Schoener 50,

1771 ED Wieringerwerf,

The Netherlands.

Tel: 0031-227-604128

Homepage: http://www.flowman.nl

E-mail: (nameatendofline)@xs4all.nl : bakensverzet



Incorporating innovative social, financial, economic, local administrative and productive structures, numerous renewable energy applications, with an important role for women in poverty alleviation in rural and poor urban environments.



"Money is not the key that opens the gates of the market but the bolt that bars them"


Gesell, Silvio The Natural Economic Order

Revised English edition, Peter Owen, London 1958, page 228



Edition 12: 01 November 2006



The project is centred on basic hygiene education, on the installation of sustainable sanitation, distributed clean drinking water, PV lighting for study  for all of the people without exception in the project area, and on the supply of efficient stoves for cooking, the production of bio-mass to fuel them, and recycling at local level and disposal of non-organic waste.

The project includes setting up Community Health Clubs for hygiene education and hygiene education courses in schools; provides sustainable toilet and wastewater facilities, wells (wherever necessary), pumps, and water tanks; establishes local exchange trading (LETS) systems to promote local exchange of goods and services; and implements a  revolving interest-free micro-credit system to pay in formal currency for items and services originating outside the local communities.

The project also refers to PV (photovoltaic) lighting for study and in clinics, and PV refrigeration for medicines. Any PV lighting needed for separate local production initiatives will be included in the micro-credit scheme. PV operated TV sets for education can be included at the decision of the local tank commissions. Private Solar Home Systems (SHS) may be financed through interest-free cooperative purchasing  funds where users are able to sustain their obligations both to those funds and their normal monthly contributions to the Cooperative Local Development Funds.

High efficiency stoves for cooking will be produced with 100% local value added as will the bio-mass necessary to fuel them.

Where daytime cooking is not in conflict with local customs, local manufacture of solar cookers from gypsum composites will be set up under the LETS systems.

Recycling centres will be set up to recycle non-organic refuse within the local currency systems.

Harvesting rain-water to increase agricultural production and the general quality of life is promoted.

The project cost is about Euro 5.000.000, which can be 75 financed through a grant or through an interest free loan with a 10 year repayment time. The remaining 25% is contributed by the people themselves in the form of work carried out for the execution of the project paid for under the local money systems set up in an early phase of the project.

The project will be continued for at least a further 8 years beyond the initial two years' start-up period. After the initial two years, further development will be generated by the communities themselves under the supervision of the Project Coordinator.

The initial project will take 24 months from the date funding is approved, more particularly:

- Phase 1 : preparation and submission of the basic project.
- Phase 2 : final project preparation, arrangements with tax authorities; final project approval; formation of Health Clubs and starting hygiene education;  setting up the social and the financial structures  (local currency LETS groups and micro-credit structures): 6 months.

- Phase 3 : continuing hygiene education; installing wells  hand-pumps and washing places; starting the organisation of gypsum composite production units;

tank installations; start building the sanitation services; starting cooker production, organising bio-mass production, setting up the recycling centres : 18 months.
- Phase 4 : installing water purification units and PV lighting systems for study purposes; continued production of cookers and of bio-mass to fuel them. Rain-water harvesting.


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